Post an example of a scroll.
What were the drawbacks of the scroll? they allowed only for sequential usage, the reader must read the text in the order it was written.Post an example of a codex.
What is a codex? new ways to put together handwritten pages. covered and bound collection of handwritten pages; a book.
"Codex" is derived from the Latin meaning "block of wood". Why? it was compact, sturdy, and easy of access.
What is the difference between "sequential access" and "random access"? one can go to any point in the book to find information. in a scroll, one must go all the way through it.
What were the advantages of using the codex? could be open flat at any page. easier to organize in libraries because you could write the name on the spine.
What helped spread the use of the codex? the rise of Christianity, the Bible utilized it,
What replaced papyrus? Describe the process used to create it? the codex, or a book. made from animal skin, hair, fat, skin was smoothed out, hide was soaked in water, calcium, flour, salt added, then skin was stretched out, flattened, and dried.
What is vellum? finer qualities of parchment. skins of young cows.
Name several examples of current technology that utilizes the format of the codex?digital books -- the kindle, the iPad.
What led to a period of cultural and economical deterioration? the decline of the Roman Empire. The Dark AgesPost an example of an illuminated manuscript.
Who began creating books by hand, taking the creation to an art form? monks
What does "illumination" refer to? What was included in this ornamentation? the borders, illustration and ornamentation in each text. Initials of chapters and paragraphs, paintings in margins, borders, and around text.
What tool was used for creating the illuminated manuscripts? quills
Why were these manuscripts reserved for religious purposes? the work was so laborious and hard. used during christian masses.
What is craftsmanship? Why is it important? the detail and neatness of each book.